Guide To Home Insulation

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It is often said that for mere survival, a human needs four things:

  1. Food
  2. Water
  3. Shelter
  4. Oxygen

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Shelter plays such a crucial role in survival. Our house is what protects us against natural calamities, wild animals and unpleasant situations. When you’re having a bad day, you’d just want to go back to your house; because that’s a comforting place. The importance of a home isn’t measured by the fancy glass doors or your awning windows or by how ornamented your front doors are. Rather it depends on the level of safety the house provides. Accidents can occur anywhere. Thus, it’s important to follow certain steps and tips to build a strong and healthy house that can protect you at all times and conditions. Here is where home insulation comes into play. This article is about the same.

What is home insulation?

Houses need protection to stand strong and still during unpleasant circumstances. home insulation constitutes of anything that’s used in a building for insulation purposes. There are various types of insulation, which are all equally important:

  • Thermal insulation:

It is the process of insulating the house against transmission or loss heat  absorption. In short, maintaining the temperature inside the house. This also ensures that it doesn’t fluctuate as per the climatic changes outside. For this purpose, the insulating material is chosen which has relatively low heat conductivity. This is used to shield the interior of the house against the loss or gain of heat by conduction, convection or radiation. Aluminium is a plausible insulator of heat. Therefore, in colder regions of the world aluminium doors and windows are used as it slows down the flow of heat from the inner to outer surroundings.

  • Electrical insulation:

If you have a house, it is certain that it’s powered by electricity. Almost every appliance runs using electrical power. Electrical current can be fatally dangerous. Thus, proper electrical insulation is very important. Using high-quality insulating materials to cover all the wires and plug points ensures electrical safety at home.

  • Acoustic insulation:

The materials used to build your house must have at least some soundproofing nature. Acoustic insulation is the overall ability of the building to reduce the sound transmission through it. Walls can be soundproofed using certain insulating materials. In the same way, aluminium windows and doors or glass doors provide better insulation than ordinary wooden doors.

  • Fire insulation:

Fires can start with the tiniest of sparks. Fire requires a combustible fuel and oxygen to burn. A house with fire insulation minimizes the chances of a fire accident by using non-combustible materials. For instance, wooden doors or window frames have a higher chance of burning due to the combustible nature of wood. Instead, having aluminium sliding doors and aluminium windows mitigate the possibility of a fire accident. aluminium is non-combustible. It has great fire resistance properties due to its melting point being beyond 600 degree Celsius.

  • Impact insulation:

Nature is dynamic. You can never know when there’d be intense winds blowing or an earthquake. In such situations, having a strong foundation and using building materials with a good tensile strength is very important. Protecting the house against vibrations caused by natural phenomenon or industrial applications is called impact insulation.

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Signs that your house is poorly insulated

  1. Fluctuating temperatures when the climatic conditions outside change.
  2. High energy bills due to all the heating/cooling appliances you use to control the temperature indoors
  3. Cold walls, floors, and ceilings
  4. Water leaks in the attic
  5. Too hot or too cold rooms

If you come across these signs, it means that it’s high time you got your insulation checked.

  • About 25% of the house heat seeps out to the atmosphere through the roof and attic. Hence, roof insulation is crucial.
  • The walls can lose about 35% of heat.
  • Windows are responsible for 35% heat escape
  • Any tiny gap will aid heat loss

It’s a proven fact that good insulation has three folds greater impact on the house’s average energy consumption and comfort.

Follow these few tips when you install insulation in your house

 

  • Factors like climate, the region you live in, the home design must be taken into consideration
  • Depending on the extent of insulation required, select a budget for smart insulation, use materials with a higher R-value. For example, cathedral ceilings and foam spray
  • Make sure you have an ample amount of ventilation for fresh air flow
  • Instead of installing solid wooden windows and doors; having glass doors allows natural sunlight into the house, which is also a good source of Vitamin D.
  • Consult an insulation expert to choose appropriate materials.

 

The following table contains the types of insulation materials that can be used:

MATERIAL

WHERE APPLICABLE

INSTALLATION METHODS

ADVANTAGES
Fiberglass

Mineral (rock or slag) wool

Plastic fibers

Natural fibers

Unfinished walls, including foundation walls

Floors and ceilings

Fitted between studs, joists, and beams. Do-it-yourself.

Perfect for joist spacing and standard stud

Is free from any obstructions.

Comparatively inexpensive.

Foam board:  Placed on the outside of a wall (usually a new construction) or within the wall (existing homes):

Some manufacturers include air or foam beads  (Increases R-values) into the mix of concrete

Unfinished walls, which also include foundation walls

Major renovations or New constructions

Walls (insulating concrete blocks)

Specialized skills are required

Insulating concrete blocks are stacked without a mortar sometimes (dry-stacked), and then it is surface bonded.

Insulating cores causes an increase in wall R-value.

Outside insulation of a concrete block wall will place a mass inside a conditioned space, which will moderate the indoor temperatures.

Autoclaved cellular concrete masonry and Autoclaved aerated concrete units have an insulating value that ten times better conventional concrete.

Polystyrene

Polyisocyanurate

Polyurethane

Unfinished walls which also foundation walls

Ceilings and  Floors

Unvented  roofs that are low-sloped

Interior applications: should be plastered with building-code approved material or 1/2-inch of gypsum board for safety against fires.

Exterior applications: should be encrusted with weatherproof facing.

A high value of insulation for comparatively little thickness.

Blocks thermal short circuits when it is installed constantly over the joists or frames.

Foam blocks or foam boards Unfinished walls, which includes foundation walls for a new development It is installed as a part of the structure of the building. Insulation is built within the home’s walls, which creates a high thermal resistance.
Mineral (slag or rock) wool  

Cellulose

Fiberglass

New open wall cavities  or already existing enclosed walls

Incomplete attic floors

Other hard-to-reach places

With the use of special equipment, it is blown into place or poured in sometimes. Great for adding insulation to finished existing areas, around obstructions, and irregularly shaped areas.
Paper,  Foil-faced kraft, polyethylene bubbles,   cardboard, or plastic film Ceilings, floors, and Unfinished walls Films, foils, or papers fitted between joists, wood-frame studs, beams, and rafters. Do-it-yourself.

Apt for framing at standard spacing.

If framing is irregular or obstructions are present, Bubble-form apt.

Most effective at (effectiveness usually depends on spacing) preventing downward heat flow.

Mineral (rock or slag) wool Fiberglass Ducts that are in unconditioned spaces

Places that require insulation which can manage high temperatures

At their shops or the job sites, HVAC contractors fabricate the insulation into ducts. Can tolerate high temperatures.
Liquid foam insulation core or Foamboard

Straw core insulation

ceilings,  Unfinished walls, roofs, and  floor for new construction To form walls and roof of a house, construction workers fit SIPs together SIP-built houses give uniform and superior insulation when compared to more regular construction methods; they also take a short time to build.

 

How to insulate your house?

In today’s world, energy is the deficit. This calls for energy conservation in any way possible. In your house, instead of turning the thermostat on, insulate your home for long-term benefits. This cuts down on your electricity bill, along with insulating your house thermally.

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Follow the guide:

  • Insulating the doors

Doors create a pathway between the house and outer surroundings. Thus, insulating the doors can help in managing the temperature inside the house. Using porous substances like wood or straws for manufacturing of doors doesn’t help much with controlling heat exchange. Whereas, using synthetic substances like glass or metal slows down the flow of heat. Glass doors are great for heat insulation and for letting the sunlight in. aluminium doors are insulators of heat and have good tensile strength. It makes for an apt door.

  • Well insulated windows

Along with doors, windows are another kind of openings in the house that aid heat escape. Cracks, crevices, and pores are frequent escape points for warm air to escape. Cheap plastic or wooden window frames can wear out over time. Metallic frames are cost efficient and good for long-term usage. aluminium windows and window frames last long and provide great insulation. Apart from this, investing in cellular blinds or insulating draperies can be a great idea as well.

  • Double glazing

If you have glass doors or windows; double glazing is a fantastic option. Windows which have two layers of glass with a space between the layers, called double glazing. They reduce the loss of heat. It’s worth the investment and can save you dollars on your electricity bill.

  • Insulation of attic or loft

This has been studied and stated as one of the most efficient energy saving options. It’s also very cheap and extremely simple to install; you can DIY it. You just need to purchase some fiberglass wool and cover all the gaps and holes in your house with it. Glass wool is a synthetic material made of a mixture of sand and recycled glass at 2642 degree Fahrenheit. The end product is converted into fibers, that are available in the market. The best part is that glass wool is recyclable. Glass wool is one of the best insulating materials, as it’s appropriate for thermal, sound and fire insulation.

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How is insulation rated?

Alike all physical properties, thermal insulation can be rated too. It is based on the measurement of the resistance of the material to the flow of heat. It is commonly referred to as R-value. The resistance to heat flow is directly proportional to the R-value. Hence, materials with a higher R-value are more insulating. There are a set of building codes which list the appropriate R-value required for different parts of your house. Following the manufacturer’s instructions properly will result in you having a perfectly insulated house.

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Insulation of doors and windows

The two major openings in the house are doors and windows. Following are some ways to insulate them. There are some DIY projects you can use on your doors and windows to thermally insulate them. Their projects are cost-efficient and don’t need a special set of separate skills. Cold air enters through the windows from tiny holes that are uninsulated. Draft-proofing the windows using the following ways can help:

  1. Weatherstripping: A cost-efficient method is to purchase weatherstrips to fix drafty windows and doors. Weatherstrips are pieces of rubber, synthetic fiber or other materials that can be used to seal loose ends and corners of the doors and windows.
  2. Foam tape: Foam tapes are extremely handy and useful. They are super adhesive tapes that are of insulating foam material. Slightly warped doors and windows can be quickly fixed by cutting a piece of this tape and securing the corners to block air. How easy can it get?
  3. Using door snakes: If you have creaky windows or a wide gap between the door and floor; door snakes come very handy. They are heavy tubes of fiber that can be placed at an opening to block the cold winds. They are inexpensive and can be DIYed. If you don’t want to purchase one, roll an old towel or a fabric in the shape of a tube, and you’re good to go.

Houses are not just pieces of mere architecture. We live in it for a long period. Thus, for our safety and comfort, we must maintain the house in good condition. A constant renovation is necessary. Be it replacing worn out wooden doors with aluminium doors or getting upgraded glass doors for your French windows. Comfort, safety, and energy conservation are three very important things. All three can be achieved with a well-insulated house.  

 

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Aluminium Shopfronts and Wind load Guide

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shopfronts image, Aluminium shopfronts, aluminium windows and doors by SigmadoorsThe terminology wind load is used to describe forces or pressure that is exerted by wind on structures. There are three main kinds of wind loads. Top of the list is shear wind load. This is a kind of horizontal pressure that is brought by excess wind. If it is too strong, it can cause walls to tilt or even crack in very extreme conditions. Secondly, there is lateral wind load which is another kind of horizontal wind load popular for making buildings move off their foundation or overturn. Lastly, there is uplift wind load which refers to an upward force that tends to affect various roof structures. Such wind loads flow beneath roof structures such as canopies hence pushing it upwards.

Wind load on Aluminium Shopfronts

With that in mind, it is vital to ensure that your shop front is strong enough to withstand such strong winds. As is the case with aluminium windows and aluminium doors, aluminium shop fronts are one of the best alternatives for such. Aluminium is one of the strongest metals known to man with an ultimate strength of 45,000 psi and yield strength of 34,000. Although it is not as strong as steel, it still remains to be extra sturdy and worth withstanding heavy wind loads. Aluminium windows and aluminium doors are known for their sturdy nature. This is the same case with aluminium shop fronts. They can withstand all kinds of wind loads ensuring that your shop remains in tip top condition regardless of the weather condition.

All things aluminium offer users with an economic solution to their needs. This is the case with aluminium windows, aluminium doors, and aluminium shop fronts. The latter are economical in the sense that they offer ultimate cover and are elegant in design. Aluminium shop fronts are fitted using head springs that are uniquely concealed. As a result, they are firmly held in position without necessarily affecting their sleek design. If required, doors can either swing open or slide open so long as they are electronically controlled. In summary, just as is the case with aluminium windows and aluminium doors, aluminium shop fronts are the perfect option for withstanding wind loads in commercial establishments.

 

 

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Why you should install frameless shower

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If you are interested in a new shower installation, there are some things that you have to consider first before you move forward, including the style and the type of shower. One of the most popular options is the frameless shower.

The pros of choosing frameless showers

There are different reasons why the frameless showers are such an ideal choice. These include:

  • Customization:

Most of the frameless options that are available are custom made. This means that they are not limited to the many shower doors that are mass-produced at a standard size. This is something that makes the shower installation so flexible. Customization is one of the things that you have to consider when you are looking at frameless showers.

  • Frameless showers look exclusive

One of the things that you will notice with this option is that they typically look so much better than other options. The framed options look bulky because they have to cover edges with metal or rubber. The frameless showers do not have those additions, and this gives them a fresh and clean look.

When you have a beautiful bathroom, the frameless option will do nothing but add to the value and aesthetic of the room.

  • No Risk of mould

The frameless showers are an ideal selection because they limit the occurrence of mould. This is because the places where water can collect are minimized. The framed option has the risk of water building up under the seals of the door. This can allow mildew and mould to form. The frameless option does not have the risk areas, and it is also much easier to clean.

Why we focus on frameless shower installation

To put it as simply as possible, the frameless showers are one of the best and most beautiful shower designs that you can find anywhere today. Most of the people who choose to get a shower renovation are inspired by the beauty and convenience that the option has to offer. They will bring elegance and refinement to your bathroom, and they will also add value to your home.

 

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Double Glazed Panes

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WHAT IS DOUBLE GLASS?

With time, you will notice that all properties tend to loose heat via their windows – be it the library, home or even commercial buildings. As such, the use of double glazing is but a way of making sure that you are able to reduce or cut down on your overall heat costs. This way, you will be able to avert some additional costs such as having to install a new heating appliance for your home should you find yourself in the unfortunate situation where you are frequently loosing heat from within your abode.

HOW DOES THIS HAPPEN?

From the term double glazing, you clearly envision some sort of an overlay between two sheets of glass so as to be able to achieve the double glazing property. It is this property which in effect generates the insulating property. Many a times you may also encounter the likes of triple – glazed windows which are way more efficient than the double glass windows – though both of these deliver almost the same kind of energy efficiency on the long haul.

WHAT IS IN BETWEEN THE GLASS PLANES?

Usually, in between the double glass material, you will realize that this space may be filled with some inert gas or a vacuum. So, which is which and which one should you prefer more to the other?

  • Though they were once the best option, these have deprecated with time owing to the fact that with the vacuum seals, the vacuum may diminish with time and so does the efficiency, since there may be no efficient sealing.
  • INERT GAS.
    This is the other and most reliable method since the inert gases are but a docile and unresponsive to adverse heat conditions. This way, they don’t suffer from the “unsealing” effect of the vacuum seen above.

Either way, both of these methods have proven important as they both try to add onto the overall scientific R-value which is simply a measure of the internal thermal resistance.

WHAT FRAME MATERIAS ALLOW FOR DOUBLE GLAZING?

Usually, these are available in a variety of frame materials, ranging from the traditional wood frames to the more decent frames such as the uPVC styles. Usually, these windows do vary in their energy efficiency based on how well they actually stop heat from passing out from the room. Moreover, the specific type of frame material is what will determine the amount of sunlight which actually passes through the glass and how little air can leak in or out around the window.

HOW CAN ONE MEASURE ENERGY EFFECIENCY OF DOUBLE-GLASS WINDOWS?

Usually, some window manufacturers and door makers use the window rating energy efficiency rating scheme to depict the efficiency of their windows. If this is not clear, you may relate this to the energy efficiency which you see on your refrigerators as well as the washing machines. Usually, A-rated windows are considered most efficient, with all the captivating qualities – which you may simply find on the energy label before you actually buy the window.

WHAT SHOULD YOU KNOW ABOUT DOUBLE GLAZING?

So, following the brief introduction about double glazing, you have to consider a number of factors before you actually decide to settle with double glazing.

HOW ENERGY EFFICIENT ARE THE WINDOWS?

This is usually very easy as all you need to do is simply look on the windows energy saving efficiency. This you may do by taking a look on the Energy Saving Recommended Trust and the British Fenestration Rating Council energy label. Usually, the Energy Saving Trust is known to endorse any window which has been rated B or above. Usually, the energy efficiency is directly proportional to the efficiency – the higher the energy efficiency rating, then the better the window will be. Irrespective of the fact that there are no current mandatory regulations for a window to have some quality branding, it is best to go for windows which have a quality branding. This you may easily find on the BFRC website very easily.

HOW MANY LAYERS OF GLASS DO YOU ACTUALLY NEED?

Usually, double glazing is but two layers of glass which are separated with a gap of around 16mm. at times, you may decide to go with three layers of glass as per your budget. Nevertheless, these usually deliver one and the same energy efficiency, but the triple glazed option is much better than the double glass variation.

WHICH GLASS IS THE BEST FOR THIS PURPOSE?

Usually, when it comes to energy efficiency, the most preferred option is the Low-E glass. This simply means a low emissivity glass. What does this glass have that makes it way better at energy efficiency? Well, this glass has an unnoticeable layer of metal oxide on its surface, usually on one of the internal surfaces – commonly next to the gap. What this does is that it lets in sunlight but actually cuts the amount of heat which can get out once it enters.

WHAT IS ACTUALLY BETWEEN THE PANES?

Usually, two types of materials may be used for this purpose: a vacuum or inert gasses. However, for utmost efficiency, then the best option to go with is the use of inert gasses. The gasses to be used here include argon, xenon and mostly krypton.

WHAT KEEPS PANES APART?

Usually, most of the double-glazed windows have what are referred to as the pane spacers which simply are located inside the glass to keep the two glasses apart from one another. Usually, it is best to opt for the warm edge types of pace spacers. What these are is simply little or no metal spacers at all. Usually, from the BFRC, you will be able to know the best type of spacer, since you may take a look at the rating of the material, say from A-G, with A being the best as usual.

WHICH FRAME SUITS YOUR HOME BEST?

Since for all the window frames out there, you will find that each is tailored to enhance energy efficiency in one way or another, the actual or final option will dwell on your taste or preference. For that matter, take this as an example:

  • These are some of the most common types of frames and they are long lasting as well as easy to recycle.
  • Wooden frames.
    These can to some extent have a lower environmental impact, though they actually require a lot of maintenance. Usually, these are used in conservation areas where the initial or original windows were timber frames.
  • Composite frames.
    You may envision these as clad frames as well, since they simply contain an alloy of aluminum and timber. Aluminum is used to cover timber which is on the inside in the final product. Usually, this does reduce the need for maintenance and keep the overall material waterproof.
  • Steel or aluminum frames.
    These are way slimmer and perchance long lasting than the other types of frames.

DO YOU ACTUALLY NEED ANY VENTILATION?

Since the replacement or initial installation of double glazed windows tends to be more airtight than single glazed frames, condensation can actually build up in your house due to the reduced ventilation. If there is no enough level of background ventilation, then some of the replacement windows will actually have a trickle effect on the vents incorporated into the frame which lets in a small amount of controlled ventilation. Usually, at times, condensation can actually occur on the outside of lower E glazing windows. This is the case since low-e glass actually reflects heat back into the home, and hence the outside pane remains cool, making the condensation to build up on the long run.

WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF DOUBLE GLASS?

  • SAVE ON ENERGY BILLS.
    When you decide to use the energy efficient double glazing materials, you will realize that you will be able to save on the overall bill you would encounter on your internal room heating by about $200.
  • SMALLER CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSION.
    By adopting the use of energy efficient double glazing mechanisms, you will be able to be a part of environment friendliness, by lowering the amount of carbon level on the environment and hence lower global warming.
  • TEND TO BE MORE COMFORTABLE.
    Usually, energy efficient glazing does reduce heat loss through windows and results to fewer draughts or cold spots in your home.
  • NOISE INSULATION.
    Usually, energy conservative windows and window frames play a part in acting as noise insulators. As such, you will be able to have a peaceful and serene internal environment.
  • CURB CONDENSATION EFFECT.
    Usually, energy efficient glazing tends to reduce the overall condensation build-up on the inside of the windows.
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TYPES OF GLASS.

Despite the fact that a typical man in the street may see no difference between the grocery glass and a house glass, there exist some difference between these two kinds of glasses. Case in point, you may think that a table glass is one and the same with a typical wine glass or a window glass – until you test their fragility. For one, you will learn that the break point is utterly different, be it using heat, pressure or force. So, what this means is that there are different types of glass, each of which happens to have different break points. So, with that, what are some of the various types of glass?

FLAT GLASS

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GLASS CONTAINERS

These are usually used in packaging food. They may be used in other functions like packaging medicine, cosmetics or even chemicals. Usually, these are actually made in a wide variety of shapes, sizes and colors, making them all the more distinct and variant from other glass types. Moreover, you may find these being used in other common uses like as drinking bottles. In some extreme cases, you will realize that some are made from expert chemical formulae to make sure that these are free of any contamination or deterioration of blood plasma and other chemicals which may be stored on them.

OPTICAL GLASS

This is used in high level applications such as optical lenses, eyeglasses, telescopes and other types of laboratory equipment’s. In such a case, the raw material has to be at all times pure so that the glass which will result from the process will be utterly flawless on the long run. Thus, this usually makes making these glasses more expensive, since the overall care required is highly demanding.

FIBERGLASS

Usually, this consists of fine but solid rods of glass, most of which are nothing more than a twentieth of the width of the human hair. Moreover, fiberglass may be packed to assume some sort of a wool like appearance which can serve a great role as a heat insulator. Moreover, these find themselves useful in other applications such as wool or cotton fiber in the construction of mats or glass yarn. Other real life applications are the construction of firefighter suits, owing to their insulating factor. Moreover, it may be used as a curtain material since it is very easy to clean as well as being fire-resistant.

LAMINATED SAFETY GLASS

These are simple made as some sort of a sandwich. What this means is that they are made from a combination of alternate layers of flat glass and plastic. So, how is this important? Usually the outer layer of the glass may easily break when struck but the elastic plastic layer can also be able to stretch on its own. So, the plastic will be serving the role of holding the broken pieces together – a good example being in automobile windshields where the flying glass particles may cause considerable damage in the event of an accident.

BULLET RESISTING GLASS

Basically, this is none other than a highly and thick multilayer laminated glass. Unequivocally, this is able to stop even high caliber bullet at close range. Usually, the glass itself is heavy enough to absorb the energy of the bullet, while the plastic serves the role of holding the pieces onto one another. Good applications of this type of glass is in banks teller windows as well as in military vehicles such as tanks and other special automobiles.

TEMPERED SAFETY GLASS

Opposed to the laminated glass, this specific type has been given a considerable amount of special heat treatment. Despite the fact that it may look, weigh and feel the same as ordinary glass, it actually happens to be several times heavier than normal glass. Most of the applications of this type of glass in in the all-glass doors and rear windows of automobiles. Usually, this is way hard to break, even when hit with something like a mattock or hammer – but collapses into thousands of small particles if it breaks.

COLORED STRUCTURAL GLASS

This is usually a heavy plate glass which may be available in a number of colors. In buildings, it may be used as an interior facing but may also be used for interior walls or as tabletops.

OPAL GLASS

This is the kind of glass which will actually appear milky. Usually, this is made possible by the presence of small particles which are contained within the glass, dispersing light and hence making it possible to disperse the light. Usually, there are a number of ingredients which will be needed to produce opal glass and these include fluorides. Usually, you may find this more often in tableware and at times in lighting fixtures.

FOAM GLASS

In appearance, when this is cut, it appears as some sort of a honeycomb. Within it, there are numerous cells of gas. Then again, each and every cell is actually separated from the other cells using a thin wall of glass. Another appealing feature of this glass is that it is so light to the point that it actually floats on water. The most common application of this glass is in buildings and on chemical equipment. Moreover, foam saw may easily be cut into various shapes using a saw easily.

GLASS BUILDING BLOCKS

Usually, these are made of two hollow half-sections which are sealed together at high temperatures. Usually, you will find these to be most useful since the dead space within them. Usually, the blocks are laid like bricks so as to make walls as well as other types of structures.

HEAT RESISTANT GLASS

Usually, this is rich in silica and does contain traces of boric oxide. Owing to the fact that this does expand little when heated, it can actually withstand higher temperatures when heated and hence not crack easily. This thus makes it necessary in cookware and other household equipment as well as many types of industrial gear equipment where the likes of furnaces are more prominent.

LABORATORY GLASSWARE

These actually include breakers, flasks as well as other types of special laboratory equipment. This si also made from heat resistant glass so as to be able to endure extreme and rapid temperature changes – heat shock. Moreover, this is resistant to corrosion and other forms of chemical attacks than normal glass.

GLASS FOR ELECTRICAL USE

Since glass has features such as useful heat resistance and resistance to flow of electricity, it is ideal for use in electrical applications. Moreover, glass can easily be used to seal tightly onto metals without breaking – electric light bulbs are good examples. As such, from these qualities, glass is the ideal for other electrical applications such as even in picture tubes in television sets.

GLASS OPTICAL FIBERS

These are the current networking option for the transmission of information in the form of electric pulses. For instance, thin and pure optic fibers will be used to carry TV signals over long distances. Moreover, these are also used in control board displays and other medical instruments.

GLASS TUBING

This is what you see in the neon lights and other types of lights around you every day. The best examples where glass tubing may be made include fluorescent lights and neon lights among other application.

GLASS CERAMICS

These are nothing but strong materials which are made by heating glass to simply rearrange the atoms into regular patterns. Usually, the resultant partially crystalline materials are able to withstand high temperatures, abrupt temperature changes and adverse chemical attacks much better than ordinary glass. Thus, this makes them most suitable in the likes of turbine engines and nose cones of guided missiles.

RADIATION-ABSORBING AND RADIATION-TRANSMITING GLASS

Normally, these glasses can be able to transmit, modify or block radiant heat energies such as x-rays. Case in point, ultraviolet glass does absorb ultraviolet rays of the sun, but transmits visible light. Another good example is the use of polarized glass to help in cutting the glare of brilliant light. Nonetheless, there is a special manner in which glass can be coated so that an observer from the interior of a house can actually see those outside without being seen.

LASER GLASS

This is but a special type of glass which makes it possible to generate laser beams efficiently. Usually, such glass is used more as an important active additive in solid-state lasers – lasers which actually send light out through crystal or glass. Moreover, you have to know that there has been an increase in the use of this set of windows specifically. A good example of the application is when powerful glass lasers heat hydrogen atoms till hydrogen nuclei actually fuse, releasing quantifiable amounts of energy.

INVISIBLE GLASS

Usually, this is used for coated camera and eyeglasses, the coating is simply a small coating which decreases the normal light loss via reflection. As such, more and more light passes through, leading to the formation of way better images.

 

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